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## GIS and Remote Sensing Lecture Notes

- Introduction and Data Types
- what is a GIS?
- what a GIS does
- course goals
- GIS components
- 3 types of data
- selecting data types (raster vs vector)
- topology

- Maps: Projections and Datums
- Where did you say you were calling from?
- Projections create distortion
- Spheroids
- A datum
- UTM

- Spatial Overlays and Querying
- boolean logic
- overlay analysis (overview)
- feature overlay
- simplification
- complexity of combinations
- reclassification
- types of combinations
- Overlay querying (hind-casting or inverse

modeling)

- Digital Terrain Analyses
- Data sources and DEMs, TINs, DLGs, DTMs (geez, English please)
- manipulating and moving between DTMs
- map slope, aspect, & curvature
- profiles and viewsheds
- perspectives and shaded relief
- Watershed Analyses

- Modeling and Algorithms
- spatial modeling
- thinking through an analysis using an algorithm

- Distance-related calculations
- Buffers
- “Rubber rulers” (dynamically-scaled buffers)
- Friction/Least Cost Paths
- Proximity and “near”ness
- Density

- Neighborhood Analyses
- Patch simplification and “clumping”
- Filters
- Creating surfaces by interpolation

- Shape Analyses
- Lines; length, azimuth, sinuosity
- Distribution of points, lines, and polygons
- Patch size, shape, connectivity

- Fuzzy Logic: Fuzzy Sets, Conditional Inclusion and Bayes Theorem
- A “fuzzy” boundary
- Fuzzy Inclusion set using data
- Bayesian Probability Modeling

- Remote Sensing Data
- The electromagnetic spectrum
- Spectral signatures
- Sensor Types
- Landsat
- LIDAR

- Image Processing
- Enhancement and Visualization
- What passive sensors mostly “see”
- Atmospheric Correction
- Ratios
- decorrelation
- Principal Component Analysis
- geolocating images
- other enhancements

- Image Classification
- general principles
- simple discriminants
- unsupervised classification
- supervised classification
- transferring a supervised classification
- using classification

- GPS / GNSS (global positioning system / Global Navigation Satellite System)
- The Satellite System
- Receivers and measurement types
- Using GPS

- Map Composition
- map composition